Hunting and fishing
the Chaudinsky hunting economy Lenin area has the grounds on extensive open spaces of semi-deserts and dry steppes of a southern part of Kerch peninsula at cape Chauda. Sites of dry vegetation plentifully alternate boggy meadows. These are perfect conditions for birds, hares, foxes and other living creatures on which licence hunting is possible.
The Simple trip on rural first coats and even on quite decent highways does not do without a meeting with curious young foxes, the efficient hedgehogs rumbling at launch as helicopters by pheasants, and sparkling long heels hares.
I do not know how to do some shooting, and here posnimat all these living creatures on a videocamera or tsifrovik – business pleasant, hazardous and not such a lung.
The region gives Fantastic possibilities (still, though any comparison by that was even 20 years ago) for fishings and in general acquaintances to the live world of the sea.
The Sea it not only bathing, it also fishing, and in general is very interesting piece in which all moves, all lives, someone continuously eats someone and, nevertheless, remains much still tasty and on our share.
Not all Black Sea inhabitants are equal in rights: one "ьхё=э№х" others - on a visit. We will tell, a sterlet - fresh-water fish, but meets in freshened priustevyh sea sites though to happen to it here simply not necessarily, and fishes through passage (others sturgeon, the eel) is already permanent residents of Black sea though they breed not here.
Besides these fishes, in Black sea checkpoints concern a herring (the Black Sea herring and Danube puzanok). A herring, living at coast of caucasus, a spawning place have selected Don, that is go through Kerch strait to sea of Azov and rise for 100 - 150 kilometres upwards on the river. After spawning the herring remains in sea of Azov, and goes to Black sea on wintering in the autumn. "…№ыр such fish whom even the most worthless zasolshchik could not put too much salt. Because of fat kerchenskaja the herring does not absorb superfluous ёюыш..." so one of heads in "Рърчър§ about tasty and healthy яшЁх" will begin probably; which we will leave to the grandsons instead of vyshepoimenovannoj herrings.
Azov hamsa winters in Black sea, and nerestitsja in Azov. She is a narrow macrostomatous silvery small fish in length to 20 centimetres after the summer strengthened food by the big flights goes on wintering through Kerch strait. Here she is met by fishermen. Black Sea hamsa, unlike Azov, lives constantly in one sea.
There are the fishes making migrations to Black sea from Mediterranean is a mackerel, pelamida, a tuna. In the summer they use Black sea as a rich pasture, and for the winter come back in warm waters.
How many all kinds lives in Black sea? About two and a half thousand, from which 500 kinds monocelled, nearby 160 pozvonochnyh (fishes and mammals, the others bespozvonochnye different groups, among them are most richly presented Crustacea (more than 500 kinds), molluscs (200 kinds). For comparison it is possible to tell that Mediterranean sea more richly kinds in 3,5 times, and Azov is poorer in 4 times. And here on ryboproduktivnosti (abilities to give fish from surface unit) sea of Azov was considered in 60 - 70th as the best in the world.
the Flora Black sea includes 270 kinds of green, brown, red ground seaweed and 350 kinds of the microscopic planktonic. vodorosl noktiljuka (nochesvetka), became hishchnitsej. It does not have chlorophyll, and it is similar to a tiny transparent apple with a tail-zhgutikom. It has received the name for ability to be shone. During those periods when nochesvetka in mass quantity appears at a sea surface, the ships, boats, fishes and bathing people reserve accurately visible sparkling light.
Most known of two-folding molluscs - mussels, prepare from them about 100 dishes, eat and alive (with limonchikom it is quite good), but in the general opinion is better plov from mussels.
Massive bowls have molluscs, baljanusy (sea acorns), strong armours - crabs. Cancers-eremites prjachat a soft paunch in another's fortresses - empty bowls brjuhonogih molluscs.
Contrary to these "сЁюэхэюёчрь" jellyfishes have no anything superfluous, heavy, for 98 percent consist of water. Nevertheless, they are difficult arranged and armed strekatelnymi by the cages serving for defence and capture of extraction. In Black sea it is a lot of kinds of jellyfishes, but the majority of them small - to 1 sm in diameter. But the largest jellyfish rizostoma (kornerot) has an umbrella to 60 sm in diameter. Under a hemispherical milky-white umbrella rizostomy massive formations of the difficult form which represent accrete mouths, a covering folds and coming to an end vosemju root vyrostami hang down. The umbrella has strong ring muscles.
Aurelija, or ushastaja a jellyfish, possesses uploshchennym an umbrella in diameter to 40 sm with pink or violet illumination, in the dome centre four dark violet glands are visible through covers. From below an umbrella a mouth surrounded with four long blades.
From sea mammals dolphins are numerous: belobochka, azovka, afalina. Belobochka it is most extended, at length has to 2 metres, the big jambs goes in the high sea, eats hamsoj and a sprat. On belobochku it is similar afalina, but it is larger (to 3 metres of length). Afalina perfectly dives, at a bottom merlanga, barabulju, slopes therefore can suffice. Azovka has no snout, its length to 1,5 metres, spends summer in sea of Azov, and winter - in Black. Keeps at coast, eats coastal ground fishes. The craft of dolphins in Black sea is forbidden.
As well as all over the world, at us possibilities of artificial reproduction of valuable kinds of fishes and bespozvonochnyh animals are studied. On lake Uzunlar in the south of Kerch peninsula it is created nagulnoe kefalevoe an economy. In the spring molod mullets comes from Black sea on special sluices into lake where warm shoal gives the chance to it to be fed well, and then the one-year-old mullet comes back in the autumn back.
For artificial cultivation to Crimea have delivered a Far East mullet - pelengasa. Now it has terribly extended and reaches the much bigger sizes, than in the homeland. Catch it all year long though there is a small summer interdiction.
Molod of valuable breeds of fishes is grown up in special corfs on gas platforms. In cultivation on platforms and in corfs the mussel has the big prospects. If you order this delicacy at restaurant it is for certain made somewhere on sea "¶хЁьх".
Except sea fishing there is still a set of water basins and ponds. Fish and in systems of the North Crimean channel.
Now about fishery rules in Crimea. First of all, it is necessary to consider that along our coast many sites are nature sanctuaries, reserved natural boundaries or zakaznikami where are protected matochnye a livestock of valuable breeds: sturgeon, mullets, the bull-calfe. Finally, it and in your interests. Such sites usually settle down far from beaches, moorings and settlements, for example, on cape Kazantip. There are temporary restrictions on lov separate breeds. Extraction of the Black Sea shrimps (shrimsa, or chilima) from June, 1st till August, 31st, and extraction of mussels from June, 1st till September, 30th Is forbidden. Well, and that it is possible to catch all the same, should not for day exceed five kgs in the sum.
In addition on the given theme:
the Fan-bording, kajt-surfing, diving and water entertainments
Educational tourism, geological collections
Archaeological expeditions and role modelling
the Mountain bicycle and other kinds of driving on impassability